Early Modern Resources is a research portal for the early modern period (c.1500-1800 CE). It only lists websites that are free to access and focuses on high-quality resources that are suitable for advanced research, study and teaching.

It is a work in progress and the following may continue to evolve. For the moment, the original version of Early Modern Resources can be found here, but please note that it is not being updated and may be removed at some point in the future.

Primary sources

  • Substantial digital editions of full text transcriptions, usually searchable and/or downloadable; many have accompanying page images
  • High-quality image libraries of texts and documents, usually with searchable metadata but not full text
  • Collections of images of artworks, artefacts and maps (again, usually with searchable metadata)
  • Databases or calendars, mainly containing abstracts or summary information about sources rather than full transcriptions/images
  • Anthologies: transcriptions of personally selected collections of texts or single texts; may be full text or extracts; probably more suited to teaching than in-depth research


  • Bibliographies
  • Open access e-journals
  • Palaeography and transcription resources
  • Dictionaries and language resources
  • Useful tools
  • Portals


  • Exhibits: multimedia presentations in which objects and images are the primary focus, with varying degrees of textual analysis or narrative
  • Text essays: text-based (or primarily so) articles, analyses and commentaries; relatively conventional and ‘print-like’ in form
  • Hypertext essays: more heavily textual than exhibits, but created for the Web to exploit its hyperlinking and multimedia capabilities


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